Situated on the northern boundary of the city of Polonnaruwa, this hallowed spot is known as Uttararamaya in the Mahavamsa. The name Galviharaya is gotten from the way that all the four Buddha sculptures here are made of stone. The figures in this stone sanctuary were made by talented artists under the direction of King Parakramabahu the Great (1153-1186 AD), a well known ruler who controlled in Polonnaruwa.
There are four sculptures in the stone sanctuary. They are as per the following.
A sculpture of Buddha situated on a Vajrayana thoughtful seal.
A sculpture of Buddha situated similarly situated with two divinities on one or the other side.
Standing Buddha sculpture.
Enormous leaning back Buddha sculpture.
Between the second situated sculpture (situated in the cavern) above, you can see an engraving on a distending part of the actual stone. This is a renowned engraving composed by King Parakramabahu the Great, which accommodated the three orders and composed the Polonnaruwa Dialog. The four stone figures shed extraordinary light on the craftsmanship history of Ceylon and the engraving on the Sasana history.
The stone on which the figure is made is 168 feet in length. The stone is steeply inclining on all sides. The cavern is cut 17 feet. At the point when you enter this sacrosanct spot, the main thing you will run over is a sculpture of Samadhi Buddha sitting in a Veerasana act. Behind the top of this sculpture, which is cut on a seat, there is a beam board.
This Buddha sculpture is decorated with little Samadhi Buddha sculptures and has an excellent winged serpent pandal behind the scenes. Mythical serpent pictures are additionally connected to the pandal, for example, the Sanchi pandal. Behind the pandal are four little Samadhi Buddha sculptures. The Buddha sculpture has cut lion sculptures with precious stone highlights on the seat. The sculpture is around 15 feet high. The subsequent sculpture here is made in a cavern. The Buddha sculpture is cut in the actual stone, and a sesame of the sculpture situated on a Vajrasana is seen over the top of the Buddha sculpture. This is likewise a sculpture sitting in a Veerasana pose.
Standing Stone Temple – lady viharaya
Over this sculpture, the picture of Lord Brahma and the picture of Lord Vishnu are raised. Along these lines, the Supreme Buddha pronounces his god status higher than God. The stature of this Samadhi sculpture is 4 feet 07 inches. Stays that remain today show that there were paintings in this cavern, which is known as the Nisinna Patima House.
Then, at that point, there is the Polonnaruwa Dialog, which subtleties the compromise of the main three organizations, among the incomparable Sasana administration delivered by King Parakramabahu the Great. This is alluded to as a stone engraving in light of the fact that the engraving is engraved on the actual stone. This stone segment which is remembered for the Polonnaruwa Stone Temple is 13 feet 03 crawls long. There are 57 lines in this engraving. This is viewed as the most established talk. It is referenced here that these Sangha were changed 1708 years after the appearance of Pirinivan by the Supreme Buddha.
The talk likewise remembers entries for the Dhamma to be retained by the priests, just as different ceremonies on the filling of books and vidarshanas. Lord Parakramabahu the Great set up this partisan solidarity in AD. It is said to have been made in 1165. After the stone engraving referenced in this talk, an interesting Buddha sculpture found in Sri Lanka is found. The tallness of this sculpture is 22 feet 09 inches. This stance of clasping hands on the chest is exceptionally uncommon.
Under such stone Buddha sculptures are found in the hallowed region. The wooden sculptures of Dambulla and Ritigala wood carvings have been made in every one of these stances. Toward the finish of the sanctum sanctorum is a 46 feet in length leaning back Buddha sculpture. This sculpture is called Nipanna Patima.